The climate changes and the levels of CO2 that are occurring in recent years have led the EU, in particular through the European Commission, to draw up a series of objectives in order to make the energy cleaner.
Renewable energy sources, are they a real solution for climate change?
For this reason, all of the EU member states have sent to the executive organ of UE, their programs for green energy. In particular, they have to indicate how they intend to reach the target of 32% share of RES (Renewable Energy Sources) in gross energy consumption by 2030.
In addition, the European Commission has set an aim of 32,5 % for energy efficiency, this also to be reached by 2030
Belgium is one of the states that has committed to achieving these targets. This national energetic plan has been developed by a directive group composed of representatives of the climate and energy administrations of each region (Flemish, Walloon, and Brussels-Capital) and the federal government.
More regions with a single target, the growth of solar PV
In order to achieve the objectives set by the European Union, the Belgian government has outlined a series of targets to reach by 2030. It must be specified that the management of energy resources is controlled by individual regions.
For this reason, every single region has a different target for the investment for solar PV related to the guideline established by the federal government.
The Flemish region has indicated, for solar PV, a series of targets that should be achieved year after year. In particular, the aim for the period from 2016 and 2020 is a quantity of 1472 MW of installed power. In the following 10 years, the intent is to increase the quantity of green power from solar PV, for 300 MW per year.
Another case is the Wallon region, that has indicated the future perspective with the existent measures and with additional measures (respectively WEM and WAM). In particular, the capacity that will be installed by 2030 will be of 1120 GWh for WEM scenario, and 3300 GWh for WAM scenario.
Belgium, road to electricity
Solar PV is an interesting solution for the electricity sector, but the latter one is not the only one, there are three different sectors that must be analyzed to have a complete vision of the impact of renewable energies.
WEM and WAM scenarios
In the following graphs are showed WEM and WAM scenarios for all the three sectors: electricity, transport, heating & cooling.
In both cases the RES-E value is the highest compared to the other two considered.