In the last few months, Slovakia has sent to the European Commission, its plan for green energy. This could outline the road to follow to reach the targets that the UE has set for a less fragile planet.
How much space does renewable energy have in Slovakia’s plan for green energy?
At this moment Slovakia is one of the member countries that less contributes to the emission of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. In fact, thanks to the high percentage of nuclear energy production and the high share of natural gas in the heating industry, this country has a reduced impact on the environment.
Taking energy from renewable resources is, at the moment, a solution only as a replacement of coal plants and for the decarburization of the transport sector. After replacing solid fossil fuels with renewable energy sources, Slovakia will be one of the cleanest countries in the entire EU.
About this, the consumption of energy produced from renewable energy sources is estimated at 6954 GWh in 2020 and 8827 in 2030. In particular, solar energy provides an important contribution to meeting energy needs in the electricity sector. In fact, the quantity of installed power of solar PV will be 600 MW by 2020 and 750 MW by 2030.
Solar PV, some steps to improve this energy sector
In order to increase the percentage of solar energy in the final gross consumption or, more in general, the quantity of total RES, Slovakia will introduce some measures and objectives to allow this growth to take place. Some of these steps are:
- Support for electricity production through feed-in tariffs (up to 500kW). This will guaranteed 1TWh of electricity generation from 2020 to 2030. This measure was activated already in 2009.
- Support for electricity production through an auctions system (1 TWh of production estimated).
- Promote the decentralized production of electricity and the use of RES in families and business sector.
RES in the electricity sector, how much can they impact in the near future?
At the moment that Slovakia will effectively implement all the objectives and measures set out in his plan for green energy, this country will increment the per cent of RES coverage in the electricity sector. The values that represent this growth are indicated in the following graph.
Slovakia’s most ambitious targets for renewable energy quote in the energy sector up to 2030 (above the aim of carbon-fueled substitution) will be expensive for the country.
Furthermore, the adoption of more ambitious targets for RES actions by 2030, will significantly reduce the flexibility of the Member Country to reduce CO2 emissions in other sectors efficiently (both in technological and economic terms).